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Types Of Landscaping Rocks

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Types Of Landscaping Rocks

Rough and Tumble Riprap Stone is the complementary other half to plants in the landscape. While the vegetation may change throughout the season and over the years, rocks remain constant, providing a permanent visual presence to frame the ever-changing plantscape, as well as fulfilling many practical purposes. One of the most basic and inexpensive landscape rock is often referred to as riprap. It can range from the size of a mini-football to a small dog, but always comes with many flat, angular sides – perfect for building a simple rock wall or any other utilitarian project in a variety of garden settings. Chiseled Wall Blocks Fine stone walls require rocks that have been processed to create right angles and flat sides. Natural wall block is costly, but much more stackable than randomly shaped rocks, reducing labor and leading to a more uniform appearance in the end. Boulders and Monuments Large, handsomely-shaped stones make great accents in the landscape, giving a sense of grandness and strength to the garden. Placed upright or horizontally, they can even support plant life in their nooks and crannies. To keep them from looking strangely out of place, really big rocks should always be buried part way wherever they sit. Moss Rock Some stones come with moss and lichen already included, commonly referred to as field stones because they are taken from the surface of the earth, rather than quarried. These are some of the most attractive stones (and surprisingly inexpensive), which are a natural fit for water features or scattered through the landscape to mimic a boulder-strewn field. Flat Flagstone Flags are thin, flat rocks that can be used for paving paths and patios. They come in a variety of colors and are a natural alternative to concrete pavers. You can also use flagstones to create a cap on a rock wall that functions as a convenient place to sit on the garden. River Rock Smooth, rounded stones ranging from the size of a tennis ball to a basketball are fitting for water features, though they are quite often used to line the earth in dry stream bed plantings – broad ditches that carry water only when it rains, which are planted with reeds, sedges and other water-loving plants. River Pebbles Smaller river stones are often used on their own as a sleek-looking groundcover, great for a Zen garden effect. They can also be used to fill in the spaces between larger river rocks, helping to create a dry stream bed with a more natural appearance. White Marble Chips White marble chips are another type of decorative groundcover, conducive to landscaping without plants, on a walkway or to use around the base of plants, especially succulents and cacti. These chips have a white powder coating than gives them their color. Pea Gravel This common decorative gravel is comprised of multi-colored earth tone pebbles that are generally about one-half inch in size. It’s frequently used as a walking surface for paths and patios, as well as to fill in the spaces between stepping stones and flagstones – it can even be used on driveways. Common Gravel Common gravel is purely for utilitarian purposes, primarily used as a surface for walking or vehicles. It is also plays a purpose in drainage systems and to create a firm base under foundations for patios, retaining walls and other landscape structures. Granite Fines Essentially crushed gravel, granite fines are also utilitarian in nature and are used wherever a fine-textured structural quality material is needed. Its most common application in landscaping is as a base material for paths and patios – the fines can easily be raked into a smooth, flat bed that makes it easy to lay pavers or flagstone. Natural stone gives a timeless, luxurious feel to the landscape and comes in a full palette of colors and textures to design with. Instead of using concrete look-alikes in your next landscaping project, head to the local landscape supplier and ask to see the stone products they offer.
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Types Of Landscaping Rocks

When planning a landscape, your first priority may be plants, but rocks should also be part of your plan. Landscaping rocks provide focal points and add vertical features to an otherwise flat area. Rocks can also be functional by creating barriers, serving as mulch and helping with drainage. You can choose from one type of rock or add several kinds depending on your landscape needs.
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Types Of Landscaping Rocks

Keep in mind when choosing rocks like Red Shale, that the color may fade over time. 3/8 washed rocks (shown above), is probably one of the cheapest ground covers. This is one of the best choices for areas of low visibility, like under a patio, or between houses. Don’t spend a ton of money on expensive decorative rocks if nobody will see them.
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Types Of Landscaping Rocks

Fine stone walls require rocks that have been processed to create right angles and flat sides. Natural wall block is costly, but much more stackable than randomly shaped rocks, reducing labor and leading to a more uniform appearance in the end.

Types Of Landscaping Rocks

Chiseled Wall Blocks Fine stone walls require rocks that have been processed to create right angles and flat sides. Natural wall block is costly, but much more stackable than randomly shaped rocks, reducing labor and leading to a more uniform appearance in the end.

Types Of Landscaping Rocks

There are many different kinds, colors, shapes, and sizes of decorative rocks. To get a perspective on the size of many rocks available we sometimes place a hand in the picture for comparing.
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Types Of Landscaping Rocks

The biggest advantage of using decorative rocks as a low maintenance ground cover is the long term savings. Upfront costs may be a slightly higher, but the long term maintenance costs of lawn are far more expensive. Mowing, fertilizers, and water are all things to consider when deciding between decorative rocks vs lawn.

Types Of Landscaping Rocks

As we continue up the size scale, we come to rainbow rock. As with most other types of landscaping rock and stone, this item goes by many different names. It’s larger than the types of stone we’ve discussed above, but smaller than boulders.

Granite Fines Essentially crushed gravel, granite fines are also utilitarian in nature and are used wherever a fine-textured structural quality material is needed. Its most common application in landscaping is as a base material for paths and patios – the fines can easily be raked into a smooth, flat bed that makes it easy to lay pavers or flagstone. Natural stone gives a timeless, luxurious feel to the landscape and comes in a full palette of colors and textures to design with. Instead of using concrete look-alikes in your next landscaping project, head to the local landscape supplier and ask to see the stone products they offer.
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This is a versatile type of landscaping rock and can be used for many purposes. It also comes in a variety of sizes, which increases the versatility of this rock. For example, you can use law for rock boulders has an accent piece within your overall landscaping design, or you can use crushed lava rock as a ground cover for your yard or walkways.

That’s where this article comes in. On this page, I’ve listed some of the most common types of landscaping rock and stone materials used by professional landscapers. How you use these materials is limited only by your imagination. But knowing what is available is the first step to success, so let’s talk about your options.
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Flagstones are wide, flat rocks that make perfect stepping stones. The stones can be used in pathways, or you can build an entire patio with them. Flagstone paths or patios should be laid over a bed of sand to provide a stable surface with good drainage. Planting low-growing ground cover such as creeping thyme in the spaces between the stones complements the flagstone and adds a natural look to the landscape.
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Flagstones Flagstones are wide, flat rocks that make perfect stepping stones. The stones can be used in pathways, or you can build an entire patio with them. Flagstone paths or patios should be laid over a bed of sand to provide a stable surface with good drainage. Planting low-growing ground cover such as creeping thyme in the spaces between the stones complements the flagstone and adds a natural look to the landscape.
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Stone is the complementary other half to plants in the landscape. While the vegetation may change throughout the season and over the years, rocks remain constant, providing a permanent visual presence to frame the ever-changing plantscape, as well as fulfilling many practical purposes.
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Large, handsomely-shaped stones make great accents in the landscape, giving a sense of grandness and strength to the garden. Placed upright or horizontally, they can even support plant life in their nooks and crannies. To keep them from looking strangely out of place, really big rocks should always be buried part way wherever they sit.
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Smaller river stones are often used on their own as a sleek-looking groundcover, great for a Zen garden effect. They can also be used to fill in the spaces between larger river rocks, helping to create a dry stream bed with a more natural appearance.

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