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Non Flowering Plants 4

non flowering plants 4
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Definition of Non Flowering Plants Back to Top Non flowering plants can be defined as those plants, which cannot produce flowers and most of them reproduce through spores. They are completely different from flowering plants. These types of plants cannot produce flowers and seeds. Non flowering plants have vascular tissues and they reproduce by spores. List of Non Flowering Plants Back to Top There are more than 700 types of non-flowering plants present on this biosphere, among them some famous non flowering plants are ferns and horsetails. Other examples of non flowering plants are Moses. Liverworts, Cut-leaved Grape Fern, Royal Fern, Cinnamon Fern, Curly-grass Fern, Bead Fern, Lichens, Conifers, Cycads, Algae, Rosidae, Magnoliidae, Gingko, Hornworts, Whisk ferns, Club mosses, etc. Lichens Types of Non Flowering Plants Back to Top There are three types of non flowering plants. These classifications was based on The presence of roots. The absence of roots. Based on their seeds - spore bearing and naked seeds. Mosses General Characteristics of Mosses They belong to the kingdom of Phylum bryophyta. They are the simplest plants with the absence of true roots and vascular tissues. They have simple stems, leaves and they do not produce flowers, fruits and seeds. They reproduce through spores. They are small green coloured plants, which prepares their own food. They live in damp shady places. Mosses Ferns General Characteristics of Ferns They belong to the kingdom of Phylum pteridophytae. They are the simplest plants with the presence of roots, feathery leaves and underground stems. They have vascular tissues, which helps in the transportation of water, minerals and sugars throughout the plant. They have spore producing organs, which is present at the bottom of the leaves. They live in damp shady places. There are approximately 12,000 varieties of ferns around the globe. They are large green coloured plants, which prepares their own food. They reproduce through spores. Ferns Gymnosperms They are tall evergreen trees with the presence of roots, woody stems and needle shaped leaves. They have vascular tissues, which helps in the transportation of water, minerals and sugars throughout the plant. They contain naked seeds in female cones. They reproduce seeds from cones in non-flowering plants. They are cone-bearing plants, which resembles to palm trees. These trees grow up to 20 feet tall and are found in Mediterranean climates. Gymnosperms e.g.: hemlock, pine and redwood trees. Pine tree Characteristics of Non Flowering Plants Back to Top Below you could see non flowering plants characteristicsThese plants do not produce flowers, fruits and seeds.Non flowering plants vary in their shape, size and colour.They are the first and oldest (about 450 million years ago) plant present on this biosphere.They are mainly characterized by spore production, absence of flowers and true roots.These plants are simpler compared to those flowering plants.They have higher level of adaptability to the environment. Reproduction in non flowering plants is asexually by producing spores.Gymnosperms are the first nonflowering plants to produce seeds. Gymnosperms started to produce flowers and fruits after 130 million years ago.

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