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Non Flowering Plants

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Non Flowering Plants

Definition of Non Flowering Plants Back to Top Non flowering plants can be defined as those plants, which cannot produce flowers and most of them reproduce through spores. They are completely different from flowering plants. These types of plants cannot produce flowers and seeds. Non flowering plants have vascular tissues and they reproduce by spores. List of Non Flowering Plants Back to Top There are more than 700 types of non-flowering plants present on this biosphere, among them some famous non flowering plants are ferns and horsetails. Other examples of non flowering plants are Moses. Liverworts, Cut-leaved Grape Fern, Royal Fern, Cinnamon Fern, Curly-grass Fern, Bead Fern, Lichens, Conifers, Cycads, Algae, Rosidae, Magnoliidae, Gingko, Hornworts, Whisk ferns, Club mosses, etc. Lichens Types of Non Flowering Plants Back to Top There are three types of non flowering plants. These classifications was based on The presence of roots. The absence of roots. Based on their seeds – spore bearing and naked seeds. Mosses General Characteristics of Mosses They belong to the kingdom of Phylum bryophyta. They are the simplest plants with the absence of true roots and vascular tissues. They have simple stems, leaves and they do not produce flowers, fruits and seeds. They reproduce through spores. They are small green coloured plants, which prepares their own food. They live in damp shady places. Mosses Ferns General Characteristics of Ferns They belong to the kingdom of Phylum pteridophytae. They are the simplest plants with the presence of roots, feathery leaves and underground stems. They have vascular tissues, which helps in the transportation of water, minerals and sugars throughout the plant. They have spore producing organs, which is present at the bottom of the leaves. They live in damp shady places. There are approximately 12,000 varieties of ferns around the globe. They are large green coloured plants, which prepares their own food. They reproduce through spores. Ferns Gymnosperms They are tall evergreen trees with the presence of roots, woody stems and needle shaped leaves. They have vascular tissues, which helps in the transportation of water, minerals and sugars throughout the plant. They contain naked seeds in female cones. They reproduce seeds from cones in non-flowering plants. They are cone-bearing plants, which resembles to palm trees. These trees grow up to 20 feet tall and are found in Mediterranean climates. Gymnosperms e.g.: hemlock, pine and redwood trees. Pine tree Characteristics of Non Flowering Plants Back to Top Below you could see non flowering plants characteristicsThese plants do not produce flowers, fruits and seeds.Non flowering plants vary in their shape, size and colour.They are the first and oldest (about 450 million years ago) plant present on this biosphere.They are mainly characterized by spore production, absence of flowers and true roots.These plants are simpler compared to those flowering plants.They have higher level of adaptability to the environment. Reproduction in non flowering plants is asexually by producing spores.Gymnosperms are the first nonflowering plants to produce seeds. Gymnosperms started to produce flowers and fruits after 130 million years ago.
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Non Flowering Plants

Science >> Biology for Kids Biology for Kids Non-flowering Plants Many plants have flowers that help them to make seeds in order to reproduce. You can learn about these plants on our flowering plants page. However, some plants do not use flowers to reproduce. These plants are called non-flowering plants. There are two main groups of non-flowering plants. Plants that use spores to reproduce and plants that use seeds to reproduce. The non-flowering plants that use seeds are called gymnosperms. The leaves (needles) of a non-flowering spruce tree Gymnosperms Gymnosperm means “naked seeds”. They are called this because their seeds are open to the air with no covering such as the seeds of flowering plants. One of the major groups of gymnosperm plants is the conifer. Conifers The word “conifers” means “bearing cones.” Conifers are plants that use cones to house their seeds. Conifers are woody plants and most of them are trees such as pine trees, firs, cypresses, junipers, cedars, and redwoods. Cones Conifers reproduce using their cones. Some cones are male and some are female. The male cones release pollen. This pollen is carried by the wind. If the pollen lands on a female cone, then the female cone will produce seeds. The hard scales of the cone protect the new seeds as they grow. Seeds The seeds of a conifer are winged seeds. When they are released by the cone, they will float on the wind until they reach the ground where they will germinate and grow. Spores There are some non-flowering plants that don’t produce seeds. Instead, they use spores to reproduce. Spore producing plants include plants such as mosses and ferns. Spores are tiny organisms that usually contain only a single cell. Plants that make spores produce huge numbers of them. Because they are so small and light, they can be dispersed by the wind to new locations where they can grow. Mosses Mosses are soft and spongy plants that typically only grow a few inches tall. They tend to grow together in clumps. Mosses don’t have flowers or seeds, but use spores to reproduce. They also don’t have typical roots like most plants, but anchor themselves to rocks and soil with short growths called rhizoids. Ferns Another type of spore producing plant is the fern. Ferns produce spore casings on the underside of their leaves. These look like brown spots. At some point the casings dry out and the spores are released into the air. Interesting Facts about Non-Flowering Plants The leaves of ferns are called fronds. Scientists estimate that some species of ferns have been around for over 350 million years. Conifers often have needle shaped leaves. Needles are tough, don’t dry out, and will not easily fall off in high winds. This helps conifers to survive in cold, windy, and dry climates. There are over 12,000 different species of mosses. Mosses tend to grow in damp areas with plenty of shade. Activities Take a ten question quiz about this page. More Biology Subjects Cell The Cell Cell Cycle and Division Nucleus Ribosomes Mitochondria Chloroplasts Proteins Enzymes The Human Body Human Body Brain Nervous System Digestive System Sight and the Eye Hearing and the Ear Smelling and Tasting Skin Muscles Breathing Blood and Heart Bones List of Human Bones Immune System Organs Nutrition Nutrition Vitamins and Minerals Carbohydrates Lipids Enzymes Genetics Genetics Chromosomes DNA Mendel and Heredity Hereditary Patterns Proteins and Amino Acids Plants Photosynthesis Plant Structure Plant Defenses Flowering Plants Non-Flowering Plants Trees Living Organisms Scientific Classification Animals Bacteria Protists Fungi Viruses Disease Infectious Disease Medicine and Pharmaceutical Drugs Epidemics and Pandemics Historical Epidemics and Pandemics Immune System Cancer Concussions Diabetes Influenza Science >> Biology for Kids

Non Flowering Plants

Below you could see non flowering plants characteristicsThese plants do not produce flowers, fruits and seeds.Non flowering plants vary in their shape, size and colour.They are the first and oldest (about 450 million years ago) plant present on this biosphere.They are mainly characterized by spore production, absence of flowers and true roots.These plants are simpler compared to those flowering plants.They have higher level of adaptability to the environment. Reproduction in non flowering plants is asexually by producing spores.Gymnosperms are the first nonflowering plants to produce seeds. Gymnosperms started to produce flowers and fruits after 130 million years ago.
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Examples of Non-Flowering Plants By YourDictionary Non-flowering plants are those that do not ever produce flowers. Some non-flowering plants, called gymnosperms, still produce seeds while others use spores for reproduction.
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Many varieties of indoor and outdoor plants produce flowers, pollen and seeds. However, non-flowering plants, such as fungi and broadleaf ferns, are asexual — some produce spores in order to reproduce themselves. Spores are tiny organisms that live in groups — they form brown microscopic spots, usually on foliage. Various types of non-flowering plants such as ferns, mosses, fungi, algae and conifers grow in the United States, including U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 to 10.
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Unlike Gymnosperms, all of these other non-flowering plants reproduce using spores; they do not produce seeds. Examples of some of the most commonly known non-flowering plants are ferns, mosses and liverworts.
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Gymnosperms, such as conifers (Pinophyta), reproduce seeds from cones in non-flowering plants. Conifers like Engelmann spruce (Picea engelmannii) or Brewer’s Weeping spruce (P. breweriana) that are growing in Mediterranean climates and other USDA zones have needle-like leaves and seeds attached to cone scales. Cycas (Cycadaceae) resemble palm trees but they are actually cone-bearing plants. Cultivars include Queen Sago (C. circinalis), which grows up to 20 feet tall with sweeping blades, and Sago Palm (C. revoluta), with its tough palm-like foliage. Non-flowering conifers include fir, hemlock, pine and redwood trees.
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Gymnosperms Gymnosperms, such as conifers (Pinophyta), reproduce seeds from cones in non-flowering plants. Conifers like Engelmann spruce (Picea engelmannii) or Brewer’s Weeping spruce (P. breweriana) that are growing in Mediterranean climates and other USDA zones have needle-like leaves and seeds attached to cone scales. Cycas (Cycadaceae) resemble palm trees but they are actually cone-bearing plants. Cultivars include Queen Sago (C. circinalis), which grows up to 20 feet tall with sweeping blades, and Sago Palm (C. revoluta), with its tough palm-like foliage. Non-flowering conifers include fir, hemlock, pine and redwood trees.

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