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How To Plant Flower Seeds

how to plant flower seeds 1
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How To Plant Flower Seeds

No matter what kinds of annuals you grow, here are a few things you might want to know before getting started (if you haven’t grown plants from seed before, be sure to read Seedstarting Made Easy): What size are the seeds? This may seem like a peculiar concern, but if you’re going to plant your flower seeds directly into the garden, or put individual seeds into peat pots, the seeds need to be large enough to handle. Dust-like seeds (such as petunias and snapdragons) will get lost if you try to direct-sow them (plant them right into the garden). The seeds in the “easy” list at right, are all one-eighth inch or larger. Are there any special germination requirements? Though most seeds prefer to germinate in darkness, some require the lights on. Sometimes seeds (such as lupines, sweet peas and morning glories) have very tough seed coats and should be soaked or nicked before planting. Some seeds will also take their time germinating. While most will be up in four to seven days, for some it’s normal to take three to four weeks to get going. How rapidly will the seedlings grow? This is a tricky one because growth rate is genetically programmed, but is also influenced by growing conditions. Plants grow much more rapidly in an 80-degree greenhouse than under a grow light in a cool basement. Some annuals, such as impatiens, will be a good size for transplanting when they’re about eight weeks old. But if you start your zinnias eight weeks before transplanting, they’ll be root-bound and too tall by the time they go into the garden. Most gardeners sow fast-growing annuals, such as sunflowers, bachelor buttons, calendulas, zinnias and nasturtiums right into the garden. I agree that it’s not worth the trouble to grow these seeds indoors for just three to four weeks, and also run the risk of transplant shock. How long will it take from germination to bloom? The seed packet should tell you how many “days to bloom”, which means how long it takes from germination to flowering. If you have a short growing season and the packet says it will be 80 or 90 days to bloom, you will need to start the seeds indoors if you want to see them flower for a couple weeks before frost. The easiest annuals to start from seed (see list at right) usually come into flower very quickly, often blooming just 50 to 70 days after planting. How cold-hardy are the plants? Seeds of hardy annuals can be planted directly in the garden as early in the spring as the soil can be worked. Once the seeds have germinated, the young plants will usually tolerate a light frost and temperatures down to about 25 degrees F. Half-hardy annuals can be started indoors six to eight weeks before transplanting, or planted right in the garden once the soil has begun to warm up. Most will tolerate a light frost, but be prepared to protect young seedlings if temperatures drop. Tender annuals can be sown directly in the garden, but only after all danger of frost has passed. These cold-sensitive seeds can also be sown indoors four to six weeks before the last spring frost date. Transplant into the garden when you are confident that nighttime temperatures will stay above 40 degrees F.
how to plant flower seeds 1

How To Plant Flower Seeds

Your browser’s Javascript functionality is turned off. Please turn it on so that you can experience the full capabilities of this site. Burpee Seeds and Plants Home General Gardening How To Grow Perennial Flowers From Seed /* * Writing breadcrumbs to the temporary storage */ monetateData.breadCrumbs = ; Areas of Interest Vegetables Annuals Perennials Herbs Fruit Organic Gardening Pests & Diseases Seed Starting Flower Gardening Tools & Resources Growing Zone Finder Regional Gardening Guide How-To Videos How-To Articles Encyclopedia Recipes Ratings & Reviews How To Grow Perennial Flowers From Seed Sometimes it seems as though nature can disperse viable perennial seeds to grow everywhere but germinating the seed at home is a challenge. Typically this is because the seeds are conditioned to go through specific conditions prior to germination. For plants native to the north such as the native Echinaceas, that includes a cold period whereas lavender and rosemary, which are native to the Mediterranean, require excellent drainage and warmth to germinate. Many perennials though, such as Asclepias (Butterfly Weed) and Alaska Shasta Daisies can be grown very successfully from seed. When sowing seeds for perennial flowers, you need to have a good potting mix and a warm area to germinate the seeds. Sow the seeds as you would annual flowers by sprinkling over the damp potting mix and cover very lightly with more mix. Cover the seeds with plastic wrap to keep the soil moist while the seeds germinate. It takes most perennial seeds three to five weeks to germinate so you do need to be patient. Frequently some of the seeds from the same variety will germinate faster than others so you will have a few seeds up and growing while others are still dormant. Place the seedlings into good light and let them grow. Do not expect all the seeds to germinate. For perennials the germination rate may be as low as 50% in some varieties, compared to almost 95% of annual seed that will germinate. You can increase the germination rate by chilling the seeds before you sow them and/or soaking them. When the seed does germinate, the first leaves will be simple leaves and some true leaves will follow. The early leaves do not always look like the mature leaf, so don’t worry if they look different. The seedlings will grow slower than most annuals, and you will need to account for that by starting the seeds as much as 10 to 12 weeks before your frost date. When the seedlings are large enough to put into the flower bed, treat them as any other seedling by hardening them off for a few days, and ensuring that they get enough water every day. The young perennial will grow steadily the first year but they do not always flower that first year. Clearly growing perennials from seed is slightly different to growing annuals, but it is just as worthwhile. You just need to have a little patience and realistic expectations of the number of plants that will come from the seed packet.
how to plant flower seeds 2

How To Plant Flower Seeds

How To Grow Perennial Flowers From Seed Sometimes it seems as though nature can disperse viable perennial seeds to grow everywhere but germinating the seed at home is a challenge. Typically this is because the seeds are conditioned to go through specific conditions prior to germination. For plants native to the north such as the native Echinaceas, that includes a cold period whereas lavender and rosemary, which are native to the Mediterranean, require excellent drainage and warmth to germinate. Many perennials though, such as Asclepias (Butterfly Weed) and Alaska Shasta Daisies can be grown very successfully from seed. When sowing seeds for perennial flowers, you need to have a good potting mix and a warm area to germinate the seeds. Sow the seeds as you would annual flowers by sprinkling over the damp potting mix and cover very lightly with more mix. Cover the seeds with plastic wrap to keep the soil moist while the seeds germinate. It takes most perennial seeds three to five weeks to germinate so you do need to be patient. Frequently some of the seeds from the same variety will germinate faster than others so you will have a few seeds up and growing while others are still dormant. Place the seedlings into good light and let them grow. Do not expect all the seeds to germinate. For perennials the germination rate may be as low as 50% in some varieties, compared to almost 95% of annual seed that will germinate. You can increase the germination rate by chilling the seeds before you sow them and/or soaking them. When the seed does germinate, the first leaves will be simple leaves and some true leaves will follow. The early leaves do not always look like the mature leaf, so don’t worry if they look different. The seedlings will grow slower than most annuals, and you will need to account for that by starting the seeds as much as 10 to 12 weeks before your frost date. When the seedlings are large enough to put into the flower bed, treat them as any other seedling by hardening them off for a few days, and ensuring that they get enough water every day. The young perennial will grow steadily the first year but they do not always flower that first year. Clearly growing perennials from seed is slightly different to growing annuals, but it is just as worthwhile. You just need to have a little patience and realistic expectations of the number of plants that will come from the seed packet.
how to plant flower seeds 3

How To Plant Flower Seeds

Sometimes it seems as though nature can disperse viable perennial seeds to grow everywhere but germinating the seed at home is a challenge. Typically this is because the seeds are conditioned to go through specific conditions prior to germination. For plants native to the north such as the native Echinaceas, that includes a cold period whereas lavender and rosemary, which are native to the Mediterranean, require excellent drainage and warmth to germinate. Many perennials though, such as Asclepias (Butterfly Weed) and Alaska Shasta Daisies can be grown very successfully from seed. When sowing seeds for perennial flowers, you need to have a good potting mix and a warm area to germinate the seeds. Sow the seeds as you would annual flowers by sprinkling over the damp potting mix and cover very lightly with more mix. Cover the seeds with plastic wrap to keep the soil moist while the seeds germinate. It takes most perennial seeds three to five weeks to germinate so you do need to be patient. Frequently some of the seeds from the same variety will germinate faster than others so you will have a few seeds up and growing while others are still dormant. Place the seedlings into good light and let them grow. Do not expect all the seeds to germinate. For perennials the germination rate may be as low as 50% in some varieties, compared to almost 95% of annual seed that will germinate. You can increase the germination rate by chilling the seeds before you sow them and/or soaking them. When the seed does germinate, the first leaves will be simple leaves and some true leaves will follow. The early leaves do not always look like the mature leaf, so don’t worry if they look different. The seedlings will grow slower than most annuals, and you will need to account for that by starting the seeds as much as 10 to 12 weeks before your frost date. When the seedlings are large enough to put into the flower bed, treat them as any other seedling by hardening them off for a few days, and ensuring that they get enough water every day. The young perennial will grow steadily the first year but they do not always flower that first year. Clearly growing perennials from seed is slightly different to growing annuals, but it is just as worthwhile. You just need to have a little patience and realistic expectations of the number of plants that will come from the seed packet.

How To Plant Flower Seeds

How To Plant Flower Seeds
How To Plant Flower Seeds
How To Plant Flower Seeds

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