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How To Care For Bermuda Grass

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How To Care For Bermuda Grass

Great article. I live in North East El Paso TX and had Bermuda grass put in as sod in 2012, I believe (it’s Oct 2016). It grows like crazy! I have a large sanded area in my yard where we HAD an above ground pool. Now that it’s been gone for about 2 years trying to keep the grass out of there is a nightmare. I would just let it go, but I don’t have a sprinkler system over in that area. I used to have the mower this article suggests to cut the grass, but because my yard is soo uneven the wheels would get stuck in the low spots making it extremely difficult to push. I got a traditional mower for ease of pushing, but unfortunately it does scalp it now in some places. The last few springs I’ve been adding bags of topsoil to fill in the low spots, can’t say it’s really helped, but eventually hopefully it will and I can start using the better grass cutter again with success. The grass looks really horrible after topsoil has been added, but fills in within 2 weeks and is super green and beautiful. Mid March it starts greening up and I have the kids go over it with an aerator before adding topsoil (it’s fun as long as we take turns). I water every 3Rd evening or early morning (like 3am) for about 5-8 mins per zone (I have 3). In my yard if my grass needs more water it begins turning a shiny silvery color so I adjust how often before I change the length of time. I also have loamy soil. Last winter was the first winter I did not water at all and saw no change in the summer grass, so I will likely do the same this winter. We also have a trampoline that has to be moved a lot because despite this being a sun-loving grass the grass grows at a very fast rate under the trampoline. I actually move the trampoline over spots that don’t seem to be thickening up as well as the rest and within a week it’s thicker than the rest so I move the trampoline and cut the grass and it looks fantastic. Whew, I hope that this was a little help full to anyone from El Paso or similar wondering if this grass was a good choice.
how to care for bermuda grass 1

How To Care For Bermuda Grass

Reply JCools October 5, 2016 at 10:39 pm Great article. I live in North East El Paso TX and had Bermuda grass put in as sod in 2012, I believe (it’s Oct 2016). It grows like crazy! I have a large sanded area in my yard where we HAD an above ground pool. Now that it’s been gone for about 2 years trying to keep the grass out of there is a nightmare. I would just let it go, but I don’t have a sprinkler system over in that area. I used to have the mower this article suggests to cut the grass, but because my yard is soo uneven the wheels would get stuck in the low spots making it extremely difficult to push. I got a traditional mower for ease of pushing, but unfortunately it does scalp it now in some places. The last few springs I’ve been adding bags of topsoil to fill in the low spots, can’t say it’s really helped, but eventually hopefully it will and I can start using the better grass cutter again with success. The grass looks really horrible after topsoil has been added, but fills in within 2 weeks and is super green and beautiful. Mid March it starts greening up and I have the kids go over it with an aerator before adding topsoil (it’s fun as long as we take turns). I water every 3Rd evening or early morning (like 3am) for about 5-8 mins per zone (I have 3). In my yard if my grass needs more water it begins turning a shiny silvery color so I adjust how often before I change the length of time. I also have loamy soil. Last winter was the first winter I did not water at all and saw no change in the summer grass, so I will likely do the same this winter. We also have a trampoline that has to be moved a lot because despite this being a sun-loving grass the grass grows at a very fast rate under the trampoline. I actually move the trampoline over spots that don’t seem to be thickening up as well as the rest and within a week it’s thicker than the rest so I move the trampoline and cut the grass and it looks fantastic. Whew, I hope that this was a little help full to anyone from El Paso or similar wondering if this grass was a good choice.
how to care for bermuda grass 2

How To Care For Bermuda Grass

Most homeowners have some form of Bermuda grass, a grass that goes dormant in the fall and starts growing again in May. This life cycle means Bermuda does not need to be replanted each year and can handle the over seeding of a winter lawn. In May, when high afternoon temperatures kill the winter rye grass, Bermuda grass will reappear.
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How To Care For Bermuda Grass

Turfgrasses › Bermudagrass › Bermudagrass lawn Maintenance Guide December – February Fertilization Do not fertilize bermudagrass that has not been overseeded. For overseeded bermudagrass, apply ½ pound of nitrogen per thousand square feet in December and February. In the absence of a soil test, use a complete (N-P-K) turf-grade fertilizer with a 3-1-2 or 4-1-2 ratio (for example, 12-4-8 or 16-4-8). Irrigation Dormant bermudagrass may have to be watered periodically to prevent desiccation, especially when warm, windy weather prevails. Watering is particularly important for lawns that have been overseeded. Mowing Mow overseeded bermudagrass at 1 inch before the grass gets taller than 1½ inches. Recycle nutrients by not collecting the clippings unless they accumulate heavily on the surface. Dormant bermudagrass that has not been overseeded need not be mowed. Weed Control Apply broadleaf herbicides as needed to control weed such as chickweed, henbit, and hop clover. Selective herbicides can be applied in November or December to lawns that have not been overseeded to control annual bluegrass (Poa annua) and several winter annual broadleaf weeds. March – May Fertilization Apply 1 pound of nitrogen per thousand square feet several weeks after the grass turns green. Submit a soil sample to determine nutrient and lime requirements. In the absence of a soil test, use a complete nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium (N-P-K) turf-grade fertilizer with a 3-1-2 or 4-1-2 ratio(for example, 12-4-8 or 16-4-8). (Contact your county Cooperative Extension Center for details.) Apply lime if suggested. To determine the amount of product needed to apply 1 pound of nitrogen per thousand square feet, divide 100 by the first number in the fertilizer ratio. For example, for a 16-4-8 fertilizer, divide 100 by 16. The result is 6.25 pounds of product per thousand square feet: 100/16 = 6.25. Insect Control Check for white grubs and control them if necessary. Irrigation Water to a soil depth of 4 to 6 inches. Probe with a screwdriver to determine moisture depth. Bermudagrass needs a weekly application of about 1 to 1¼ inches of water. On sandy soils it often requires more frequent watering, for example, ½ inch of water every third day. It is often necessary to irrigate an area for 3 to 5 hours to apply 1 inch of water. (It requires 640 gallons of water to deliver 1 inch of water per thousand square feet.) Because clay soils accept water slowly, irrigate just until runoff occurs, wait ½ hour until the water has been absorbed, and then continue irrigating until the desired depth or amount is obtained. A dark bluish gray color, footprinting, and wilted, folded, or curled leaves indicate that it is time to water. Proper irrigation may prevent or reduce pest problems and environmental stress later in the summer. Mowing Mow the lawn when it first turns green in the spring with a reel mower set at ¾ to 1 inch or a rotary mower set as low as possible without scalping. Mow before the grass gets taller than 1½ to 2 inches. Then practice grasscycling. Grasscycling is simply leaving grass clippings on your lawn. Grass clippings decompose quickly and can provide up to 25 percent of the lawn’s fertilizer needs. If prolonged rain or other factors prevent frequent mowing and clippings are too plentiful to leave on the lawn, they can be collected and used as mulch. Whatever you do, don’t bag them! Grass clippings do not belong in landfills. Renovation Replant large bare areas using sod or sprigs (3 to 5 bushels per thousand square feet). Common bermudagrass can be seeded using hulled bermudagrass at 1 to 2 pounds per thousand square feet. Thatch Removal Vertically mow in May to remove the thatch (layer of undecayed grass) after the lawn becomes green if the thatch is more than ½ inch thick. Weed Control Apply preemergence herbicides to control crabgrass, goosegrass, and foxtail by the time the dogwoods are in full bloom. Apply postemergence herbicides in May as needed to control summer annual and perennial broadleaf weeds such as knotweed, spurge, and lespedeza. Products containing two or three broadleaf herbicides usually control several different broadleaf weeds in a lawn more effectively. Be sure the product is labeled for use on bermudagrass. Apply postemergence herbicides only when weeds are present, and wait until three weeks after the lawn becomes green. June – August Fertilization Apply 1 pound of nitrogen per thousand square feet every 4 to 6 weeks using the March through May fertilizing guidelines. Insect Control Follow the March through May insect control guidelines. August is the best time to control white grubs because they are small and close to the soil surface. Irrigation Follow the March through May irrigation guidelines. Mowing Follow the March through May mowing guidelines. Thatch Removal Vertically mow to remove the thatch if it is more than ½ inch thick. Thatch can be removed monthly if the lawn has sufficient time to recover. Weed Control Apply postemergence herbicides as needed to control summer annual and perennial broadleaf weeds such as knotweed, spurge, and lespedeza. Crabgrass, goosegrass, dallisgrass, nutsedge, annual sedges, and sandbur can be controlled with postemergence grass control herbicides. Two or three applications 7 to 10 days apart are required for effective control. Apply herbicides only when weeds are present, the grass is actively growing, and the lawn is not suffering from drought stress. September – November Fertilization Apply no more than ½ pound of nitrogen per thousand square feet in September, four to six weeks before the first expected frost. Use a low-nitrogen, high-potassium fertilizer such as a 5-10-30, or supplement a nitrogen fertilizer source with 1 pound of potash(K2O) using 1.6 pounds of muriate of potash (0-0-60), 2 pounds of potassium sulfate (0-0-50), or 5 pounds of sul-po-mag (0-0-22) per thousand square feet. To determine the amount of product required to apply 1 pound of potash per thousand feet, divide 100 by the third number in the fertilizer ratio. For example, for a 6-6-12 fertilizer, divide 100 by 12. The result is 8.3 pounds of product per thousand square feet. Insect Control Follow the March through May insect control guidelines. Irrigation Follow the March through May irrigation guidelines. Dormant bermudagrass may need to be watered periodically when warm, windy weather prevails. Mowing Raise the height to 2 inches 4 weeks before the first expected hard freeze. Weed Control Apply preemergence or postemergence herbicides as needed to control winter annual and perennial broadleaf weeds such as chickweed and henbit. Preemergence herbicides do not control existing perennial weeds. Apply postemergence herbicides only when weeds are present. Do not apply herbicides designed to control annual bluegrass if the lawn is to be overseeded with ryegrass.

How To Care For Bermuda Grass

How To Care For Bermuda Grass
How To Care For Bermuda Grass
How To Care For Bermuda Grass

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