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Definition Of Landscape

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Definition Of Landscape

For the period before 1800, the history of landscape gardening (later called landscape architecture) is largely that of master planning and garden design for manor houses, palaces and royal properties, religious complexes, and centers of government. An example is the extensive work by André Le Nôtre at Vaux-le-Vicomte and at the Palace of Versailles for King Louis XIV of France. The first person to write of making a landscape was Joseph Addison in 1712. The term landscape architecture was invented by Gilbert Laing Meason in 1828 and was first used as a professional title by Frederick Law Olmsted in 1863. During the latter 19th century, the term landscape architect became used by professional people who designed landscapes. Frederick Law Olmsted used the term ‘landscape architecture’ as a profession for the first time when designing Central Park, New York City, US. Here the combination of traditional landscape gardening and the emerging field of city planning gave landscape architecture its unique focus. This use of the term landscape architect became established after Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. and others founded the American Society of Landscape Architects (ASLA) in 1899.
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Definition Of Landscape

Noun (plural landscapes)A portion of land or territory which the eye can comprehend in a single view, including all the objects it contains.A picture representing a scene by land or sea, actual or fancied, the chief subject being the general aspect of nature, as fields, hills, forests, water. etc.The pictorial aspect of a country.(printing) a mode of printing where the horizontal sides are longer than the vertical sidesA space, indoor or outdoor and natural or man-made (as in “designed landscape”)(figuratively) a situation that is presented, a scenarioThe software patent landscape has changed considerably in the last years Verb (third-person singular simple present landscapes, present participle landscaping, simple past and past participle landscaped)Create or maintain a landscape. Origin From an alteration (due to Dutch landschap) of earlier landskip, lantschip, from Middle English *landschippe, *landschapp, from Old English landscipe, landsceap (“region, district, tract of land”), equivalent to land +‎ -ship; in some senses from Dutch landschap (“region, district, province, landscape”), from Middle Dutch landscap, lantscap (“region”), from Old Dutch *landskepi, *landskapi (“region”). Cognate with Scots landskape, landskep, landskip (“landscape”), West Frisian lânskip (“landscape”), Low German landschop (“landscape, district”), German Landschaft (“landscape, countryside, scenery”), Swedish landskap (“landscape, scenery, province”), Icelandic landskapur (“countryside”).
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Definition Of Landscape

Landscape archaeology or landscape history is the study of the way in which humanity has changed the physical appearance of the environment – both present and past. Landscape generally refers to both natural environments and environments constructed by human beings. Natural landscapes are considered to be environments that have not been altered by humans in any shape or form. Cultural landscapes, on the other hand, are environments that have been altered in some manner by people (including temporary structures and places, such as campsites, that are created by human beings). Among archaeologists, the term landscape can refer to the meanings and alterations people mark onto their surroundings. As such, landscape archaeology is often employed to study the human use of land over extensive periods of time. Landscape archaeology can be summed up by Nicole Branton’s statement:
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Definition Of Landscape

According to Richard Forman and Michael Godron, a landscape is a heterogeneous land area composed of a cluster of interacting ecosystems that is repeated in similar form throughout, whereby they list woods, meadows, marshes and villages as examples of a landscape’s ecosystems, and state that a landscape is an area at least a few kilometres wide. John A. Wiens opposes the traditional view expounded by Carl Troll, Isaak S. Zonneveld, Zev Naveh, Richard T. T. Forman/Michel Godron and others that landscapes are arenas in which humans interact with their environments on a kilometre-wide scale; instead, he defines ‘landscape’—regardless of scale—as “the template on which spatial patterns influence ecological processes”. Some define ‘landscape’ as an area containing two or more ecosystems in close proximity.
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Definition Of Landscape

One important aspect of British Romanticism – evident in painting and literature as well as in politics and philosophy – was a change in the way people perceived and valued the landscape. In particular, after William Gilpin’s Observations on the River Wye was published in 1770, the idea of the picturesque began to influence artists and viewers. Gilpin advocated approaching the landscape “by the rules of picturesque beauty,” which emphasized contrast and variety. Edmund Burke’s A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful was also an influential text, as was Longinus’ On the Sublime (early A.D., Greece), which was translated into English from the French in 1739. From the 18th century, a taste for the sublime in the natural landscape emerged alongside the idea of the sublime in language; that is elevated rhetoric or speech. A topographical poem that influenced the Romantics, was James Thomson’s The Seasons (1726–30). The changing landscape, brought about by the industrial and agricultural revolutions, with the expansion of the city and depopulation of the countryside, was another influences on the growth of the Romantic movement in Britain. The poor condition of workers, the new class conflicts, and the pollution of the environment all led to a reaction against urbanism and industrialisation and a new emphasis on the beauty and value of nature and landscape. However, it was also a revolt against aristocratic social and political norms of the Age of Enlightenment, as well a reaction against the scientific rationalisation of nature.
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Definition Of Landscape

The Romantic movement intensified the existing interest in landscape art, and remote and wild landscapes, which had been one recurring element in earlier landscape art, now became more prominent. The German Caspar David Friedrich had a distinctive style, influenced by his Danish training. To this he added a quasi-mystical Romanticism. French painters were slower to develop landscape painting, but from about the 1830s Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot and other painters in the Barbizon School established a French landscape tradition that would become the most influential in Europe for a century, with the Impressionists and Post-Impressionists for the first time making landscape painting the main source of general stylistic innovation across all types of painting.
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Definition Of Landscape

landscape A. N1. (= scenery) → paisaje m2. (Art) → paisaje m3. (fig) → panorama mthe political landscape → el panorama políticothe entire landscape of broadcasting has changed → en el mundo de la radio- y tele-difusión el panorama ha cambiado por completoB. VT → ajardinar; → diseñarC. CPD landscape architect N → arquitecto/a m/f paisajistalandscape architecture N → arquitectura f paisajistalandscape format N (Typ, Comput, Phot) → formato m apaisadoin landscape format → en formato apaisadolandscape gardener N → jardinero/a m/f paisajistalandscape gardening N → jardinería f paisajistalandscape painter N → paisajista mflandscape painting N (= picture) → paisaje m
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Definition Of Landscape

Many landscape photographs show little or no human activity and are created in the pursuit of a pure, unsullied depiction of nature devoid of human influence, instead featuring subjects such as strongly defined landforms, weather, and ambient light. As with most forms of art, the definition of a landscape photograph is broad, and may include urban settings, industrial areas, and nature photography. Notable landscape photographers include Ansel Adams, Galen Rowell, Edward Weston, Ben Heine, Mark Gray and Fred Judge.
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It was Carl O. Sauer, a human geographer, who was probably the most influential in promoting and developing the idea of cultural landscapes. Sauer was determined to stress the agency of culture as a force in shaping the visible features of the Earth’s surface in delimited areas. Within his definition, the physical environment retains a central significance, as the medium with and through which human cultures act. His classic definition of a ‘cultural landscape’ reads as follows:
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Both landscape designers and landscape architects practice landscape design. Read my interview with Paul Corsetti to find out the steps he took to enter the field, including education, if you are interested in becoming a landscape designer.
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landscape /ˈlændˌskeɪp/ Spell Syllables Synonyms Examples Word Origin See more synonyms on Thesaurus.com noun 1. a section or expanse of rural scenery, usually extensive, that can be seen from a single viewpoint. 2. a picture representing natural inland or coastal scenery. 3. Fine Arts. the category of aesthetic subject matter in which natural scenery is represented. 4. Obsolete. a panoramic view of scenery; vista. verb (used with object), landscaped, landscaping. 5. to improve the appearance of (an area of land, a highway, etc.), as by planting trees, shrubs, or grass, or altering the contours of the ground. 6. to improve the landscape of. verb (used without object), landscaped, landscaping. 7. to do landscape gardening as a profession. adjective 8. Digital Technology. relating to or producing horizontal, sideways orientation of computer or other digital output, with lines of data parallel to the two longer sides of a page or screen. Compare portrait (def 3). Origin of landscape Expand Dutch 1590-1600 1590-1600; 1925-30 for def 6; < Dutch landschap; cognate with Old English landsceap, landscipe; akin to German Landschaft. See land, -ship Related forms Expand relandscape, verb, relandscaped, relandscaping. Synonyms Expand See more synonyms on Thesaurus.com 1. view, scenery, vista, prospect.

There are several definitions of what constitutes a landscape, depending on context. In common usage however, a landscape refers either to all the visible features of an area of land (usually rural), often considered in terms of aesthetic appeal, or to a pictorial representation of an area of countryside, specifically within the genre of landscape painting. When people deliberately improve the aesthetic appearance of a piece of land—by changing contours and vegetation, etc.—it is said to have been landscaped, though the result may not constitute a landscape according to some definitions.

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